What is Sociology?

Sociology is the study of the general characteristics common to all classes of social phenomena, of the relationship between these classes and of relationship between the social and non-social phenomena

Cambridge Dictionary:

“Sociology is the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society.”

Collins Dictionary:

“Sociology is the study of society and social behaviour .”


“Sociology is the study of human social behaviour especially the study of the origins, organization, institutions, and development of human society.”

Merriam-Webster Dictionary “Sociology is the science of society, social institutions, and social relationships.”

Oxford Dictionary:

“Sociology is the study of human society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.”

Kathy S. Stolley:

“Sociology is the scientific study of the development, structure, interaction, and collective behavior of social relationships.”

Morris Ginsberg:

“Sociology is the study of human interactions and interrelations, their conditions and consequences.”

Emile Durkheim:

Emile Durkheim was the fore-runner of the drift towards empiricism in sociology.

According to him:
“Sociology is the science of collective representation.”


“Sociology is the science which attempts the interpretive understanding of social action in order thereby to arrive at a casual explanation of its course and results.

Gillin and Gillin:

According to Gillin and Gillin:
“Sociology in its broadest sense may be said to be the study of interaction arising from the association of living beings.”

F.F. Giddings:

Similarly, according to Giddings:
“Sociology is an attempt to account for the origin, growth, structure and activities of society by the operation of physical and physical causes working together in the process of evolution.”

Maclver and Page:

“Sociology is about social relationship the network of relationship we call society”.

Fair Child:

“Sociology is the study of relationship between man and his human environment.”

Meyer Weinberg and Oscar:

“Sociology is the study of basic structure of society and the factors that play a part in weakening or strengthening that structure.”

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